The Ethical Board

The Ethical Board

Provides ITFLOWS with advice and guidance on its research activities, with a particular focus on the design, development, and implementation of a trustworthy tool that is legally and ethically compliant  

Technology has inherent potential to be used to infringe on the rights of citizens, so it is important to remain vigilant in this regard and ensure that the technology is instead used for its better purpose: to ensure safety, and to allow for living freely in daily life. The Committee’s expertise lies in the social and ethical implications of technology. It is composed of project collaborators from Consortium members Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona, FIZ Karlsruhe and Brunel University London, as well as an Independent Ethics Board of three renowned professors: Ruth Fee of Ulster University; Lilian Mitrou of the University of the Aegean, Greece; and Marta Poblet of RMIT University, Australia.

Ethical Board members

Our board members that contribute to this project in an ethics role are listed below


Dr. Emma Teodoro (UAB) is the leader of the Ethical Board for ITFLOWS and obtained her doctorate in Political Science and Public Law from the Autonomous University of Barcelona. She was a member of the UAB Sociolegal Studies Group for 11 years (1994-2004) and has participated in a number of research projects on law and technology, judicial systems, legal professions, documentary editions for education and research, self-regulation through codes of best professional practices within the audiovisual sector, and ICT society ethical aspects. Her research areas cover legal organizations, judicial systems, ethnography of legal institutions and legal organizations, audiovisual and media policies, law and image, and data protection. She is currently a Senior Researcher at the Institute of Law and Technology. She has become a lead expert on the field of ethical and legal implications in the development of security technologies. As such, she served as expert of the Ethical Advisory Board in several European projects: SEKT (Semantically Enabled Knowledge Technologies, 6th FP Society Technologies); CAPER (Collaborative Information Acquisition Processing Exploitation and Reporting for the prevention of organized crime); SAVASA-Standard based approach to video archive, search and analysis (285621-FP7-SEC-2011-1); PReact-Petty Criminality diminution through search and analysis in multi- source video capturing and archiving platform (607881-FP7-SEC-2013.7.2-1); TAKEDOWN – Understand the Dimensions of Organised Crime and Terrorist Networks for Developing Effective and Efficient Security Solutions for First-line-practitioners and Professionals (700688-H2020-FCT- 2015) and currently at LYNX (780602-H2020-ICT-14-2016-2017); SPIRIT (686993-SEC-12-FCT-2016-2017) and ITFLOWS  (882986-H2020-SU-BES 01-2018-2019-2020).

Alexandra Xanthaki

Prof Dr Alexandra Xanthaki represents BUL in the Ethical Board. She is Professor of Law at Brunel Law School. Alexandra is also Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies (University of London) and a member of the Human Rights Faculty in Oxford University. She is a leading expert on the rights of sub-national individuals in international law, including migrants and minorities. Her work has been repeatedly cited in United Nations documents and she has given keynote speeches around the world, including the Arctic Centre, Rovaniemi; the KL Bar, Malaysia; Trento, Italy; and London. She works closely on issues related to her expertise with the United Nations bodies, the International Labour Organisation and several civil society bodies and has trained civil servants and activists on her áreas of expertise in Vietnam, Pretoria, Kyiv, and London. Since October 2015, Alexandra leads the Athens Refugee Project, where she takes Brunel law students to Athens to volunteer in migrant and refugee sites, provide assistance and learn more on the refugee crisis in Europe from discussions with state authorities, NGOs and IGOs. In 2017, Alexandra organised a series of academic multidisciplinary events on Migrant and Refugee Rights in London (with IALS) and Athens.

Thilo Gottschalk

Thilo Gottschalk (FIZ) is a legal research associate at the Leibniz Institute for Information Infrastructure. His research is focused on legal implications of data processing for law enforcement purposes with a particular interest in novel policing methods, IT security, software development, data protection and privacy. He was the lead of the legal, ethical and societal work package in the EU-Project TITANIUM. With knowledge of the legal and ethical matters as well as in development (JS/JSX, React, Python) he is focusing on challenges at the interface of law and technology. He also is part of the IEEE DAPPS conference commitee, member of the legal and ethical advisory board of the EU-Project COPKIT and founded a company ( that provides a web platform to foster legally compliant cooperation in software development.

Independent Ethics Board

Our board members that contribute to this project in an ethics role are listed below


Professor Dr Lilian Mitrou is the leader of the Independent Ethics Board within ITFLOWS.  She is Professor at the University of the Aegean-Greece (Department of Information and Communication Systems Engineering) and Visiting Professor at the Athens University of Economics and Business and the University of Piraeus (Postgraduate Studies Programs). She teaches information law and data protection law. Dr Mitrou holds a PhD in Data Protection (University of Frankfurt-Germany). She was Member of the Hellenic Data Protection Authority (1999-2003). She has served as a member on many committees working on law proposals in the fields of privacy and data protection, communications law, e-government etc. During the Greek Presidency of the Council of EU (2014) she has served as Chair of DAPIX (Working Group on Information Exchange and Data Protection) and from June 2016 to February 2018 she was Chair of the Draft Committee on the adaptation of Greek law to the General Data Protection Regulation (2016/679/EU) and the Data Protection Directive (2016/680/EU). Since November 2016 she is member of the Greek National Council for Radio and Television (NCRTV). Her professional experience includes senior consulting and researcher positions in a number of private and public institutions and projects on national and international level. L. Mitrou published books, chapters in books and many journal and conference papers (in English, German and Greek).


Professor Dr Ruth Fee is a member of the Independent Ethics Board within ITFLOWS.  She is a Professor of Public Services Education and began her career at Ulster in 1992 as a researcher in public procurement. As Associate Dean, she is responsible for educational provision and the student experience across six schools within AHSS at four campus locations and with collaborative partners. Professor Fee takes an active role in learning, teaching and civic engagement within Ulster University that includes access to higher education and widening participation, accreditation of prior and work-based learning, and working with a range of collaborative partners of Ulster University including the Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI), the Northern Ireland Prison Service, Health and Social Care Trusts and regional colleges.  She is the lead agent at Ulster for education partnerships between Ulster and the PSNI College.  At an international level, she has designed programmes with the Criminal Investigation Police University of China and NI-CO, and established relationships with a number of US and Canadian institutions including Rider University and the University of Guelph-Humber. Dr Fee has a worked on a series of European Commission projects within the security domain contributing to the development of social, ethical, legal and privacy framework across a diverse portfolio of projects encompassing policing, counterterrorism, cyber security and digital forensics. Her projects within the H2020 portfolio include INSPEC2T, ASGARD and GAP.  Professor Fee is a Principal Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.  She was appointed by the former Finance Minister as an independent member of the NI Procurement Board and is a member of the Social Value Group for Social Enterprise NI.


Dr Marta Poblet is a member of the Independent Ethics Board within ITFLOWS. She is an Associate Professor at RMIT University’s Graduate School of Business and Law. She is one of the co-founders of the Institute of Law and Technology at the Autonomous University of Barcelona and past researcher at ICREA (Catalonia). She holds a JSD in law (Stanford University 2002) and a Master in International Legal Studies (Stanford University 2000). Her research interests cover different areas at the intersection of law, political sciences, and technology. She is also interested in the connections between technology developments (AI, distributed technologies, human-computer interaction) and the different theories of democracy and citizenship. She has been the PI of a number of national and international research projects and has published over 80 scientific articles and book chapters on these topics.


Dr. Jonathan Andrew is the Data Protection Advisor (DPA) for ITFLOWS. Dr. Jonathan Andrew is an Associate Research Fellow at the Geneva Academy, where he conducts research on the impact of emerging digital technologies, such as the development of social media channels, on the promotion and protection of human rights. In this capacity he has been engaged as Advisor to the UN Special Rapporteur Clément Voule of OHCHR Special Procedures. He is also a Co-Editor at the University of Geneva for the publication ‘Human Rights Responsibilities in the Digital Age’ with Hart Publishing, Oxford. Dr. Andrew was previously employed at the European University Institute (EUI) as Project Manager for SURVEILLE FP7, a cross-disciplinary collaborative research project funded by the European Commission, where he focused on the impact of the surveillance of mobile devices on privacy, data protection and freedom of peaceful assembly and association. Before joining the EUI, he worked as a Senior Legal Adviser with the Danish Refugee Council. His professional experience includes consulting in IT and business process re-engineering.  Dr. Andrew holds a PhD in Public International Law from the European University Institute and the Academy of European Law’s Diploma. His doctoral thesis examined the concept of locational privacy in relation to human mobility, focusing on how the classification and terminology of technologies influence the construct of legal metaphors in bridging gaps in applying existing context and precedent.

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